Information On Nail Fungal Infection And Treatment Options
Nail fungal infection can be seen when the toe nails thicken and turn an unsightly color. It is a really ugly infliction for your feet and it can be quite embarrassing especially when you have your toes exposed. Usually in the summertime when you can wear open toed sandals and slippers all the time you tend to take pains to make sure your feet are carefully cleaned and pedicured. So if you are fond of pretty sandals and peep-toed footwear then this condition will keep you from indulging yourself.
Toe nail fungal infection is medically called onychomycosis. This is caused by fungal spores. These spores attach themselves to the keratin cells in your nails and start to grow. At least half the foot oddities and diseases are caused by fungal infections. Fungal infections can be found on any part of the body, technically speaking, but your feet tend to be most prone to the ailment. The fungal spores proliferate in cool moist and dark areas. These are the three basic conditions it requires to grow. So if these conditions are not made available then the spores eventually die. The reasons why it is most prevalent in the feet is because most of the time our feet are covered allowing for the spores to infest. Therefore proper feet hygiene and a constant airing out of your feet will go a long way in preventing the infection.
There are a number of treatment regiments to cure the infection. Though many intensive treatment programs are available it still can take a long time to cure it. Typically it can take anywhere between 6 to 12 weeks to completely cure your nails. One also has to be very careful about relapses. If the treatment is started as soon as practical, it is possible that the new nail that grows is without the infection and the old infected nail will either fall off or can be cut.
Knowing the exact cause of the ailment helps get effective treatment. If you cannot determine on your own how exactly it can about you should contact your family physician or a dermatologist. The doctor will take a sample of the nail cells and observe them under a microscope and tell you what the underlying cause is. The following treatment will be based on this information. The most effective and invasive procedure is surgery. The toe nail will be surgically removed so that all the infected cells can be disposed off at once reducing chances of a relapse. But this procedure is expensive and needs a long healing period. You can also take advantage of oral treatments but the drawback of this is that the medicines put a lot of pressure on your internal organs like the liver which can be detrimental. The best and cost efficient cure is the use of topical creams. These will help substantially with quick and permanent results and not cost too much. You can easily purchase antifungal creams, ointments and solutions. These can be prescribed by your doctor or can be got over the counter at a chemist's shop.